What is the
significance of the prologue in Heaven? What is God's attitude toward
Mephistopheles? Does he hate him? Why or why not? Why does God allow
Mephistopheles to tempt Faust? Why is he so sure that Faust will
prevail against the evil spirit?
What is wrong
with Faust at the beginning of the play? Why is he dissatisfied?
Why does he abandon his lifelong pursuit of knowledge and science
and turn instead to magic? Why does he invoke spirits? What happens
when he attempts to summon the spirit of the macrocosm? The Earth
Spirit? How does he feel after the spirit appears? What does the
Spirit mean when it says to Faust, "Peer of the spirit that
you comprehend / Not Mine!"? How does Faust feel after the
spirit disappears? What is it that Faust almost drinks? What does
the act itself signify/allow? Why doesn't he drink?
What kinds of
activities are people involved in on Easter morning? Does Faust
participate? What do he and his student Wagner do? How does Faust
feel about the praise others bestow on him for his skill as a physician?
In what way is Faust's soul torn? What is the meaning of the dog
that Faust and Wagner come across? What does Faust notice about
it? What does Faust tell the dog? Is this significant? Is it important
the he allows the dog to enter his home?
How is Faust
trying to translate the Bible? What passage is he working on? What
choices of translation does he consider? Which one does he prefer?
How does this situation relate to the overall crisis which Faust
is facing? What interrupts him as he works?
What is the
significance of Mephistopheles's response to Faust's question, "what
is your name?" What does this imply? How does Mephistopheles
define himself? What is essential to his character and way of being?
Why does Mephistopheles need Faust's permission to depart? Why was
he able to get into Faust's home? What is the meaning of the pentagram?
What does Mephistopheles have to offer as an example of his "art"?
Why must Faust
say "Come in!" three times before Mephistopheles will
came back into his home? What is Mephistopheles's appearance? How
does he dress? How is this significant?
is the pact that Faust makes with Mephistopheles? Is this the usual
deal with the devil? How does it differ? Why does Mephistopheles
insist on a signature with blood? What does Mephistopheles reveal
as he speaks to himself while dressed in Faust's robe? Is there
any way Faust can win? What is the meaning of the scene when Mephistopheles,
pretending to be Faust, talks to a student? What does he advise
him at first, what later? What does he write on the student's notebook?
What is the
first place Faust and Mephistopheles visit together? What happens
there? What is the significance of the transformation of wine into
fire? What other tricks does Mephistopheles perform?
Why do they
visit the witch's kitchen? What is Faust's attitude toward witchcraft?
What is Mephistopheles's response to Faust's request for an alternative
to drinking the magical potion? Does Faust like the alternative?
What does Faust see in a magical mirror while at the witch's kitchen?
Is it significant that it is a mirror? What does this image anticipate?
What does it suggest about Faust's desires? What does Mephistopheles
tell the witch to call him? What does Mephistopheles reveal when
talking to himself?
How does Faust
contrive to attract the attention of Margaret (Gretchen)? How is
he dressed? What does he look like? How does he speak? How does
Gretchen react to the presence of Mephistopheles? What does he put
in her closet? How does she react to the finding? What does she
do? What does her mother do with the gift?
What news does
Mephistopheles give to Martha, Gretchen's friend? Why? What are
his intentions? What is he planning? What role does Faust play in
What kind of
life does Gretchen lead before the arrival of Faust? How is her
life changed by his presence and actions? What happened to her mother?
What about the child she conceived with Faust?
Why is Gretchen's
brother, Valentine, upset? Why does he attack Faust and Mephistopheles?
What is the meaning of Mephistopheles's leading and guiding Faust
through the fight? Who delivers the mortal sword thrust to Valentine?
Why does Valentine curse Gretchen in his dying words?
What is the
significance of Walpurgis Night? What may have been Goethe's purposes
in these scenes? What is he criticizing? How is this similar to
and how does it differ, for example, from the situation, aims, and
tone of Dante's Inferno? What vision does Faust have on that
night? Why is Mephistopheles so alarmed by that vision and, urging
Faust to move along, warns him about the dangers of "Medusa's
What is the
meaning of the scene "Night, Open Field" as Faust and
Mephistopheles storm across the countryside on black horses? Where
are they going? What are the witches doing by the side of the road?
What are they "strewing"? What are they "dedicating"?
Why does Mephistopheles urge Faust to just keep going?
Why is Gretchen
in prison? Who does she think Faust is when he first arrives? What
does she say to him? What revelations does she make to Faust? Why
does she reject Faust? Why does she refuse to go with him and save
her life? What does her final act represent? How is it similar to
or different from Faust's near-suicide near the beginning of the
play? Why doesn't Faust stay with her? What are we to understand
happens to Gretchen? What are her last words? What does that imply?