Shakespeare (1564-1616), born at Stratford-on-Avon
Anne Hathaway, children: Susanna and twins Hamnet and Judith
in London, 1592
in players company patronized by the Lord Chamberlain, 1594; company
eventually became the King's Men under James I (1566-1625)
of the Shrew (1593-94)
and Juliet (1594-95)
Rule of Henry
VIII (r. 1509-1547) and subsequent Elizabethan Era, under Queen
Elizabeth I (r. 1558-1603); Jacobean Era, under James I (r. 1603-1625)
Martin Luther's attack against the corruption of the Catholic
Church; theses of the Reformation posted by Luther on the doors
of the Church of All Saints at Wittenberg, Germany, in 1517.
intrigue, spying and treachery at the royal courts; the life of
courtiers always in danger and subject to the fickleness of royal
favor and the machinations of rival courtiers.
Sir Thomas More ordered by Henry VIII (1535) due to More's disapproval
of Henry's divorce from Catherine of Aragon and his refusal to
acknowledge Henry's role as head of the English Church.
of Renaissance Humanism's critique of the inconsistencies and contradictions
of supposed Christians living lives of ambition, pride, greed, envy,
hate, murder, and plotting and scheming against others. The ideas
of the main figures in European Humanism, Erasmus of Rotterdam and
Sir Thomas More, influenced the works of Shakespeare.
2001, 2002 by Fidel Fajardo-Acosta,
all rights reserved