Works: "An Unwritten Novel"
novelist, literary critic, short story writer, feminist, socialist,
and pacifist; made major contributions to Modernist
fiction through her innovative use of experimental techniques
such as stream
of consciousness, interior monologue, poetic impressionism,
indirect narration, and multiple perspectives.
Adeline Virginia Stephen on 25 January 1882.
father, Leslie Stephen, was a man of letters, part of the English
the unexpected death of her mother in 1895, Virginia suffered
her first mental breakdown.
never had a formal education but had unlimited access to her
father's very extensive library; her brothers were sent to preparatory
and public schools and then to Cambridge.
decided at an early age that she would be a writer, while her
sister Vanessa decided to devote herself to art.
her father's death in 1904, Virginia suffered her second breakdown
and tried to commit suicide.
the end of 1904, she started writing reviews for a paper called
The Guardian then moved on in 1905 to reviewing for The
Times Literary Supplement and continued to write for this
journal for several years.
at an evening college for working men and women.
her brother Thoby began weekly gatherings of friends, "Thursday
evenings" -- its participants would later make up much
of the "Bloomsbury
Leonard Woolf on 10 August 1912; they decided to make a living
through writing and journalism.
purchased a small printing press as hobby and therapy; the Hogarth
Press became a business by 1922 and Virginia published nearly
all of her work with the press since 1921.
she continued writing and publishing through the 1930's, the
deaths of many friends and the prospect of war weighed heavily
finishing the drafts for Between the Acts, she committed
suicide by drowning on 28 March 1941.
Out (1915), her first novel, was published by her half-brother
Gerald Duckworth; although she had been working on it since 1908
and finished it in 1913, a mental breakdown after her marriage delayed
the book's publication.
Tuesday (1921), Woolf's first collection of short fiction, including
the short story "An Unwritten Novel."
(1922), Woolf's first experimental novel.
(1925), To the Lighthouse (1927), The Waves (1931);
the three novels that are generally considered her greatest claim
to fame as a leading modernist writer.
(1928), novel inspired by her involvement with the aristocratic
novelist/poet, Vita Sackville-West.
A Room of
One's Own (1929), book-length feminist essay based on lecture,
"Women and Fiction," delivered by Woolf at Newnham and
Girton women's colleges in Cambridge; discusses women's writing
and the social, economic, and historical concerns of women.
(1938), pacifist feminist essay, sequel to A Room of One's
House (1943), collection of short stories published posthumously.
Stephen (1832- 1904), Virginia Woolf's father; man of letters,
leader in the agnostic school of philosophy and challenger of
popular religion which he charged with being unable to satisfy
genuine spiritual needs; published in the fields of philosophy,
politics, literary and social criticism; published the first
Dictionary of National Biography; very influential in Virginia's
education and her general belief system.
Bell (1876-1961), Virginia Woolf's sister; Vanessa was a
painter who married Clive Bell, a literary critic; Virginia
was very close to her sister and spent a lot of time with the
Bells who were also part of the Bloomsbury
Stephen (1880-1906), Virginia Woolf's brother; gathered
many of those who would make up the nucleus of the Bloomsbury
Group at Cambridge.
Woolf, Virginia's husband; British man of letters, publisher,
political worker, journalist, and internationalist who influenced
literary and political life through his own work as well as
through the Bloomsbury
Press, Begun in 1917; named after the Woolf's home in Richmond;
first printing done with a small hand press then with a mechanical
press; published work by writers such as T. S. Eliot and Katherine
War I (1914-1919), large-scale conflict of industrial capitalist
nations; new weapons such as machine guns, tanks, aircraft,
submarines and poison gas were used for the first time resulting
in huge human losses on both sides; the war concerned Woolf
significantly as she watched friends go off to and die in it.
Civil War (1936-1939), Conflict between fascist conservatives
and the democratic government of Spain. Italy and Germany regarded
Spain as a good testing ground for weapons and tactics and allied
themselves with the Spanish conservatives; the League of Nations
unsuccessfully tried to enforce neutrality, setting up border
patrol in an effort to keep outside supplies from reaching either
side; eventually the conservatives overthrew the legitimate
government and imposed a fascist dictatorship on Spain; Virginia's
nephew Julian Bell was killed while participating in the border
War II (1939-1945), After World War I people believed there
would never be such a large scale war again; so, when World
War II broke out, many were shocked; Woolf was again very disturbed
over the deaths of friends fighting in the war; she also feared
the takeover of England by the Nazis and prepared to commit
suicide with her husband if England was invaded; in 1940 the
Woolfs home was destroyed by a bomb.
2001, 2002 by Fidel Fajardo-Acosta,
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